Cannabis is probably one of the only plants in the world that are cultivated on such a massive scale, mostly just for recreational use. All growers alike are trying to get the maximum out of their plants and there are more than a few things to keep an eye on while growing, but also after harvesting there are a few things to keep in mind to make sure you have a successful harvest every single time. In this article, we will be trying to cover as many tips and tricks as possible on this subject to help all of you out there getting those harvest numbers up!
The most important tip that I can give all of you is the fact that there is a lot of patience that goes into growing cannabis, harvesting it, curing it, and then ultimately consuming it in any way you feel like from smoking to an edible to vaping and more. There are still many growers that seem not to be able to achieve max yields, potency but also flavor and effect because they harvest too early or even too late, and also skip a few important steps sometimes.
It is crucial to know when exactly you should harvest your plants but this is a topic of debate depending on what grower you are talking to and what strain they are growing because there are some differences here and there! The handiest tool for this, and one that any grower should have, is a handheld microscope. This will help you determine the moment of harvesting because you will get a clear view of how your trichomes look like, the main indicator of how ripe your buds are for harvest! These are the stages of riping :
In the following diary there are a few pictures to show you how it looks like when using a microscope to time the harvest :
A very important step to take, especially when using extra supplements and boosters when growing, is the undeniable fact that you have to take a period of flushing your plants out before harvesting! You have to take in mind here that it takes a certain amount of time for the nutrients that are in the water that you give, to be absorbed by the plant and ultimately reach the spots where they are used. In general, you can say this takes about 1.5-2.5 weeks to happen, and therefore, to avoid these lasting in big amounts ( which has a negative effect on taste and effect ), growers take a few days or even up to two weeks of flushing. This is in fact just giving plain water without any nutrients. But then again, this is more and more a topic of debate since there is little hard evidence to back this, but I have to admit, I am a strong believer in flushing!
When it comes to growing, even for the non-expert among us who is maybe just thinking about their first grow, there are more than a handful of tips and tricks that you can apply every grow to boost your bud production and overall harvest numbers! These do not cost the world and will eventually save you more since your harvest will get bigger each time! We looked at a bunch of things to mention and think we came up with the most important ones of all to help you out!
To grow strong plants, you need strong genetics! Free seeds or seeds from weed are something I will never advise at first. Not only is there a big risk of reproducing weed that will also be filled with seeds, but you also have no idea of the genetics of what you will grow. For the price of a seed pack ( 3 - 10€ per seed ), you will be sure of the background to be able to avoid certain issues in your grow because you have to keep this in mind : seedbanks will deliver quality genetics that are bred by teams of very experienced growers. Not only that, it gives you a better choice of finding what you like when it comes to taste and effect!
We understand that it is sometimes hard to start manipulating the plant that you are taking so much care of, but, this can be a gamechanger for you once you have witnessed the effect of this! There is a whole arrange of techniques out there that will always give you a stronger and bigger plant than before because take the following in mind : outdoors plants are exposed to wind and other circumstances that cause them to strengthen themselves against this. When applied indoors or in the greenhouse or just outside we can see the effect quite well : A thicker stem, stronger branches and bigger buds! A few of these techniques are the following and can be applied on any grow :
Below is a video that is a great example of using a scrog method :
Once you have reached the moment of cutting down those ladies you took care of for so long, there are a few things to keep in the back of your head to not potentially still ruin the harvest. Below we mentioned a few pointers for during the harvest and after to make sure you get the best out of your buds!
A very important thing throughout the whole process of growing cannabis is keeping your grow space and your tools clean! Especially those who are growing in and outdoors need to be aware of the fact you can always carry something around that you do not want any near your plants so it is best to keep things separated or to get yourself some isopropyl alcohol and some wipes to clean your tools and the growing area, even using different clothing is not a bad idea to prevent issues. For when harvesting, clean everything thoroughly and sterilize the containers you are going to store everything in, preferably glass jars!
It is a big debate whether it is best to trim while the buds are wet or if they are dry. In my humble experience, this is something that goes in steps but that also depends on the circumstances! There are growers that basically dry almost the entire plant before deciding to trim it, but this is a bit hard when you have a 1kger in your backyard so others will trim it for a part and cut it into smaller bits and hang it to dry to then do the last trimming once it dried to a certain level. If there is time and space for it, usually the trimming will be done when most of it is dry and the following is my advice :
4 Tips for a Better Cannabis Harvest - Lee G. Lyzit ( 2021 )
10 Cannabis Harvesting and Post-Harvest Tip - Jessica Ryan ( 2020 )